Earth Science Project

Virginia Standard of Learning: Ties ES.3-14 to employment opportunities depending on which careers are chosen. C/T 8.4, English 9.6, 9.7, 9.8. Academic Level: Grade 9+

Teacher: B. H. Snellings

Career Project, Written Report


The Problem

How do two different earth science related careers compare and/or contrast?

You have been studying about various fields of earth science which may be related to a career. Your task is to research two earth science related careers and decide which would be a good choice for you by comparing and/or contrasting the careers.

The Facts

Most jobs require the ability to read and to comprehend written instructions, to follow verbal directions, to perform basic mathematical calculations, and to write. Some jobs require specialized education and may require various physical characteristics of the employee. Starting salaries for different jobs vary.

The Task

You will write a report in which you will compare and/or contrast two earth science related careers. Choose one career from column A careers and one career from column B careers on the back side of this paper. Other choices must be discussed with the teacher for approval.

The report should compare and/or contrast each career by:

  • the type of work (describe the job and the types of work done in the job)
  • the amount and type of education required to obtain each job
  • the prospect for employment (how numerous are the jobs) as well as the starting salary or the average salary.

Include a list of works referenced or works cited at the end of your report using MLA standard format (check with an English teacher) Include a cover page with the title of your report, your name, class number and date due.

Helpful WWW sites

http://webster.commnet.edu/mla.htm 
http://pagecounty.k12.va.us/~pcps/writing.html

http://
www.alis.gov.ab.ca/occinfo/system/public/choose_letter.html

Things to Consider

Understanding the Problem

  • Compare means to relate how the choices are alike.
    Contrast means to tell how the choices are different.
    Check to be sure that the resources you use are current.
  • Record all necessary information to include in a works referenced/cited page such as author's name, title of work, publication, copyright information and page numbers.

Making a Plan  

  • Choose two careers from the lists that interest you.
  • Research those careers using books, GIS, Va View, interviews, the Internet, etc.
  • Written reports are in paragraph form where a paragraph has at least three sentences.
  • Does the job require working mostly inside or outside?
  • What are the typical hours?
  • What is the work week like?
  • How physical is the job?
  • Can any one do the job?
  • What special type of education is required?
  • Is more education required to keep the job?
  • Are the jobs plentiful?
  • How much money can you expect to earn?

Evaluation

  • Did you describe the type of work and the typical work day/week, the educational requirements, the job outlook and the salary?
  • Does your conclusion identify your best choice for a job.
  • Does your paper make sense as you read through it?
  • Have you used proper grammar and spelling?
  • Did you include a works referenced page?

Choose one career from Column A and one career from Column B to compare and/or contrast.

COLUMN A CAREERS

AERONAUTICAL ENGINEER
ASTROGEOLOGIST/PLANETOLOGIST
ASTRONAUT
ASTRONOMER
ASTROPHYSICIST
ATMOSPHERE CHEMIST
BIOSTRATIGRAPHER
CARTOGRAPHER, OCEANOGRAPHIC
CARTOGRAPHER
CHEMIST/GEOCHEMIST
CIVIL ENGINEER
ENGINEERING GEOLOGIST
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGIST
ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGIST
EXPLORATION GEOPHYSICIST
GEOLOGIST
GEOMATHEMATICIAN
GEOPHYSICIST
GLACIOLOGIST
HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT ENGINEER
HYDRAULIC ENGINEER
HYDROLOGIST
INTERPRETIVE NATURALIST
MARINE CONSERVATIONIST
MARINE GEOLOGIST
METEOROLOGIST
MINERALOGIST
MINING ENGINEER
MINING GEOLOGIST
OCEANOGRAPHER
OIL & GAS ENGINEER
PALEONTOLOGIST
PARK RANGER
PETROLEUM GEOLOGIST
QUARRY GEOLOGIST
SATELLITE ENGINEER
SCIENCE TEACHER
SEDIMENTOLOGIST
SEISMOLOGIST
SEVERE-STORMS FORECASTER
SNOW HYDROLOGIST
SOIL CONSERVATIONIST
SOIL SCIENTIST
SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS DESIGNER
STRATIGRAPHER
TECTONOPHYSICIST
VOLCANOLOGIST

COLUMN B CAREERS

AEROSPACE ASSEMBLER
ASSAYER (GEOLOGIC)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNICIAN
AVIONICS TECHNICIAN
BRICK YARD WORKER
COMPUTER OPERATOR
EMISSIONS TECHNICIAN
ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIST
FARMER
GEM CUTTER OR GEMMOLOGIST
GEOLOGIC INSTRUMENTATION TECH
GIS (GEOGRAPHICAL INFO) ANALYST
HYDROMETRIC TECHNICIAN
INSTRUMENT CONTROL TECHNICIAN
LAND SURVEYOR
LAPIDARY
ENVIRONMENTAL LOBBYIST
MARINE BIOLOGIST
MARINE SURVEYOR
METEOROLOGICAL TECHNICIAN
MINE INSPECTOR
MUSEUM TECHNICIAN
NATURALIST
OBSERVATORY TECHNICIAN
OIL-PLATFORM WORKER
PALEONTOLOGICAL HELPER
PHOTOGRAPHER (SCIENCE)
PLANETARIUM TECHNICIAN
POTTERY MAKER
POWER PLANT ENVIRONMENTALIST
POWER PLANT OPERATOR
PRECISION INSTRUMENT MAKER
QUALITY CONTROL INSPECTOR
QUARRY WORKER (BLAST TECH. ETC.)
QUARRY OPERATOR
RECYCLING PLANT OPERATOR
SANITARY LANDFILL OPERATOR
SCIENCE TEXT EDITOR
SCIENTIFIC TRANSLATOR
SCIENCE WRITER
SEISMIC WORKER
SOLAR EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN
STONE MASON
THIN SECTION TECHNICIAN
TREATMENT PLANT OPERATOR
UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHER
WATER QUALITY TECHNICIAN
WEATHER OBSERVER

Copyright 2000 B. H. Snellings. Permission for educational use granted.